PART 2 – REGULAR OPTIONS When your ball goes in a “REGULAR” water hazard, for a penalty of one stroke you can DROP a ball BEHIND the hazard anywhere on a straight line drawn from the hole through the spot where your ball crossed over the hazard’s yellow margin as it went in.
Red and Yellow Stakes When stakes are used to designate water hazards , yellow stakes must be employed for standard hazards , while red stakes must be used for lateral water hazards , according to the Rules of Golf . Free relief is available under Rule 24 if both the ball and the stakes are outside of a water hazard .
Water-related hazards like floods , droughts, pollution and related issues, are increasing in frequency and intensity almost everywhere around the globe due to population growth and effects of climate change .
The way to tell the difference between red, yellow and white stakes on a golf course is, of course, their color. Lateral water hazards are marked with red stakes and/or red paint around the perimeter of the hazard . Regular water hazards are marked with yellow stakes and/or yellow paint.
Drop a ball outside the margin of the lateral water hazard within two club-lengths, but not nearer the hole than the point where the original ball last crossed the margin of the water hazard .
Instead of the player returning to the spot of the previous shot in the event of a lost ball or a ball out of bounds, the player can take a drop in the nearest spot of the fairway (within two club-lengths of the edge of the fairway), no nearer the hole than where the ball crossed the OB line, with a two – stroke penalty .
The first stroke, usually a pitch, a bunker shot or a chip , gets the ball ‘up’ onto the green, and the subsequent putt gets the ball ‘down’ into the hole. A variation is called “up and in”. [W] Wedge A type of golf club; a subset of iron designed for short range strokes.
The red stakes on a golf course indicate a lateral water hazard. A lateral water hazard is different from a normal water hazard for it is lateral or it runs alongside the line of play. Simply put, a normal water hazard runs across the line of play while the lateral water hazard runs adjacent to the line of play.
Golfers can now touch the ground with their club in a hazard and can move loose impediments in a hazard without penalty. They can also move loose impediments in bunkers and will not be penalised for generally grounding their club away from their ball. You still cannot ground your club when playing a bunker shot.
What types of hazards are there? biological – bacteria, viruses, insects, plants, birds, animals, and humans, etc., chemical – depends on the physical , chemical and toxic properties of the chemical , ergonomic – repetitive movements, improper set up of workstation, etc.,
Hazard sources A hazard source is a location or condition that can give rise to a hazard. Hazard sources include, but are not limited to: areas of low flow or stagnant water within the facility distribution system (dead legs and disused taps)
To be sure that all hazards are found: Look at all aspects of the work and include non-routine activities such as maintenance, repair, or cleaning. Look at the physical work environment, equipment, materials, products, etc. Include how the tasks are done. Look at injury and incident records.
Lateral Water Hazard – “A lateral water hazard is a water hazard or that part of a water hazard so situated that it is not possible, or is deemed by the Committee to be impracticable, to drop a ball behind the hazard in accordance with Rule 26-1b.”
Hitting the wrong ball, which is any ball other than the ball hit from the tee by that player, or dropped or placed as a substitute or provisional ball. Examples of a wrong ball are another player’s ball or an abandoned ball. This is a two – stroke penalty .
Under Rule 13-4, a player may not test the condition of a water hazard , or of any similar hazard nearby. Prior to her stroke she may touch neither the water nor the ground within the hazard with either her club or hand. She also may neither touch nor move loose impediments within the water hazard .