Fat shots happen when the clubface bottoms out digging behind the ball instead of pinching the back of the ball on the downswing. The timing is off, as the upper body hits before the lower body shifts weight back to your front foot.
Generally speaking, a thin or fat shot is caused by having your swing center too far behind the ball at impact. This error causes your club to bottom out too far behind the ball and will cause you to hit the ground first (a fat shot ) or hit the top of the ball (a thin shot ).
Another common cause of fat shots is releasing too early, which is when your swing might be fine in general, but you’re releasing or flicking your wrist too soon, meaning that the club bottoms out a little early and strikes the ground in front of the ball, rather than the ball itself.
Hitting the ground before the ball can have many causes. Among them are: 1) Hanging back or fall back with your weight onto your rear side through impact. 2) Releasing the club too soon.
Hitting the ball fat is most often a consequence of having an angle of attack that is too steep. To prevent this, feel like you take the club back with your arms whilst rotating your shoulders around your spine. This motion should feel more around your body, as opposed to a steep up and down movement.
In golf a fat shot – or a golf shot hit fat – is one that sees the club penetrating the ground before making contact with the ball. This is caused by the fact the clubhead will be slowed down significantly by the ground as it travels towards the ball.
Golfers thin the ball when our swing bottoms out in the wrong place. If your swing bottoms out behind the ball, the result is a fat shot . If the swing bottoms out ahead of the ball, the result is a thin shot .
Golfers who hit a lot of thin shots tend to swing the club too steeply into the ball. That’s because they slide past the ball on the downswing and have to force the club down to make contact. When they slide too far, they catch only the top half of the ball, hitting it thin .